Melasma is facial dark patches on women most commonly affecting the forehead, cheeks, nose or upper lip.
CAUSES OF MELASMA
Melasma is also known as the “mask of pregnancy” since the main cause of skin discoloration is variations in female hormone levels associated with menopause, pregnancy or taking birth control pills for a long time.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
Hyperpigmentation from melasma is less predictable and more difficult to treat than dark pigmentation caused by sun damage, scarring and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
It is best to wait until after your pregnancy and post-partum phase before seeking melasma treatment. Most treatments for skin discoloration is unsafe to use when pregnant or breastfeeding. Very rarely, when the changes in your normal hormone levels resolve, your melasma may also disappear.
- Broad spectrum sunscreen: SPF 30-50 applied daily is essential since sun exposure usually worsens melasma.
- Retinoids (Retin-A, retinol)
- Depigmenting, bleaching creams (Hydroquinone, TriLuma)
- Laser (IPL, Yag-nd, Fraxel)
- Chemical Peels
Would you like to learn more about Melasma? Call (254) 399-6941 to schedule a consultation at GunterMD Dermatology & Skin Cancer Center.